RepresentWomen compiles information about the current status of women's representation through research from other organizations as well as through our own original research.
To learn more about our research and to see how each U.S. state ranks in terms of women's representation, check out our Gender Parity Index.
Women of color, Republican women, young women, and low-income women are especially underrepresented.
In 2021 women of color only make up:
In 2021 Republican women only make up:
As of 2019, women serve as mayors in 27 of the 100 largest cities, according to the Center for American Women in Politics at Rutgers University.
As of 2019, among the largest 100 cities in the United States, the average percentage of women on city councils with only at-large seats is 39% while the average percentage of women on city councils with only single member district seats is 32%. When city councils have both at-large seats and single-member district seats, the average percentage of women is 48%.
Only 9 out of 50 U.S. states have women governors, 17 women serve as lieutenant governors, and 68 women hold other statewide offices such as attorney general or secretary of state. 19 states have never elected a woman governor.
Number of women serving: 94 out of 310
Percentage of positions held by women: 30%
Number of Republicans: 41
Number of Democrats: 51
Number of Nonpartisan:2
Percentage of women in state elected executive positions who are women of color: 19%
First woman elected in her own right: Ella Grasso (CT) in 1975
Average number of women serving: 2,300 out of 7,400 seats
Percentage of women: 31%
Number of Republicans: 758
Number of Democrats: 1,511
Number of nonpartisans: 13
Number of independents: 6
Number of Progressives: 2
Women of color: 606
First women elected: Clara Cressingham, Carrie C. Holly, and Frances Klock - 1894
Number of women serving: 24 out of 100
Percentage of women serving: 24%
Number of Republicans: 8
Number of Democrats: 16
Women of color: 3 (3D, 0R)
Most represented states: WA, MN
First woman elected: Hattie Caraway (AR) in 1932
Fact sheet from the Center for American Women and Politics, Rutgers University
Four out of the six (66.7%) non-voting representatives in the House of Representatives are women. By contrast, only 136 out of the 535 (25.4%) elected members of Congress from the fifty states are women.
Mayor: Muriel Bowser (D) has served as mayor since 2015. Sharon Pratt Kelly served as mayor from 1991-1995. She was also the first African American woman to serve as mayor of a major American city.
City Council: Eight of the District's 13 city council members (62%) are women, four out of 13 are black women (31%).
Delegate to U.S. House: Eleanor Holmes Norton has served as the District's one non-voting representative in Congress since 1991.
Governor: Wanda Vasquez became governor in 2019. The only other woman governor was Síla Calderon, from 2001-2005.
Legislature: As of 2020, fourteen of the 81 seats (17%) are held by women.
Mayors: San Juan, the largest city in Puerto Rico, has a female mayor. In total, nine of the 78 mayors are women (11.5%).
Delegate to the U.S. House: Jenniffer González was elected Resident Commissioner in 2016 and is the first woman to hold the position. She faces re-election in 2025.
Governor: Lourdes "Lou" Aflague Leon Guerrero, elected in 2018 is the first women governor of Guam.
Legislature: Six of the 15 seats (40%) are held by women.
Mayors: Three out of 20 (15%) mayors are women.
Delegate to the U.S. House: Madeleine Bordallo (D) was Guam's first woman non-voting delegate since 2003. Her final term ended in 2018.
Governor: No woman has served as governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Legislature: Four of 15 seats (26.7%) are held by women.
Delegate to the U.S. House: Stacey Plaskett (D) currently serves as the delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives, starting in 2015. Her predecessor, Donna Christian-Christensen, served from 1997-2015.
Governor: No woman has served as governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
Legislature: Three of the 20 seats (15%) are held by women. This is the second-lowest percentage in the country.
Delegate to the U.S. House: No woman has served as the delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
Governor: No woman has served as governor of American Samoa
Legislature: Two out of 39 seats (5.1%) are held by women. This is the lowest of any state or territory in the country
Delegate to the U.S. House: Amata Coleman Radewagen has served as American Samoa's first female non-voting delegate since 2015
The United States continues to rank well below our democratic allies for women's political representation, according to the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Visit their site to find the most up to date information on international women's representation. Click here to see a full list of how countries rank for women’s representation, what type of voting system is used, and whether or not they have a quota.
Women attend law school at equal rates as men but are underrepresented as judges
Out of the 114 justices that have served on the Supreme Court, there have only been four women - three of whom are currently on the bench. Fifty nine of the 175 active judges currently sitting on the thirteen federal courts of appeal are female (33%).
These numbers are even worse for women of color
Women of color are less represented than any other demographic group, as their numbers (at the state level) represent a mere 40% of their relative numbers in the general population. Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor is the first and only woman of color to sit on the Supreme Court.
Is representation improving?
When in office, President Obama facilitated significant progress for women judges and more than doubled the number of women of color to federal judicial positions. 42 percent of his confirmed nominees to federal courts were women.
Unfortunately, this progress does not seem to be continuing under President Trump, who has appointed 84 active federal judges, with only 20 of them being women.