By the Numbers

RepresentWomen compiles information about the current status of women's representation through research from other organizations as well as through our own original research. 

To learn more about our research and to see how each U.S. state ranks in terms of women's representation, check out the 2019 Gender Parity Index.        

Click on a topic to begin.

U.S. Overview

Women are 51% of the population in the U.S. but make up only:

  • 25% of the U.S. Senate
  • 23% of the U.S. House of Representatives
  • 29% of statewide elected executives
  • 29% of state legislative seats
  • 22% of mayors in cities with populations over 30,000
  • 0% of presidents of the United States


For certain demographics, the numbers are even worse

Women of color, Republican women, young women, and low-income women are especially underrepresented.

Learn more about how demographics affect representation


In 2019 women of color only make up:

  • 37% of the women serving in Congress
  • 19% of the women serving as statewide elected executives
  • 25% of female state legislators
  • 37% of mayors in the nation’s 100 largest cities 

In 2019 Republican women only make up:

  • 32% of women serving in the U.S. Senate
  • 13% of women serving in the U.S. House
  • 33% of women serving as governors
  • 31% of women state legislators


Source: Center for American Women in Politics at Rutgers University (CAWP). Updated October 2019.



Women's Representation in Local Government


Find out how voting reforms can impact local elections


Executive Office

Women serve as mayors in 27 of the 100 largest cities, according to the Center for American Women in Politics at Rutgers University.

infogram_0_copy_rep2020_mayors_newRep2020 mayors (new)//


Legislative Bodies

Among the largest 100 cities in the United States, the average percentage of women on city councils with only at-large seats is 39% while the average percentage of women on city councils with only single member district seats is 32%. When city councils have both at-large seats and single-member district seats, the average percentage of women is 48%. 

infogram_0_9c0550f9-0e2f-4f2d-819c-4550518bbc25Rep2020 At-large vs. Single Winner Women's Representation//


Women's Representation in State Government


Find out how voting reforms can impact state elections


Statewide Executive Office

Only 9 out of 50 U.S. states have women governors, 15 women serve as lieutenant governors, and 66 women hold other statewide offices such as attorney general or secretary of state. 20 states have never elected a woman governor.

infogram_0_copy_rep2020_mayors_newRep2020 cities: executive office

Number of women serving: 91 out of 311
Percentage of women: 29.3%
Number of Republicans: 41
Number of Democrats: 48
Women of color: 17
First woman elected in her own right: Ella Grasso (CT) in 1975


infogram_0_8bd78c25-c242-4498-aabc-1a8f27a0c650Women Governors State by State



State Legislatures

Number of women serving: 2,133 out of 7,383 seats
Percentage of women: 28.9%
Number of Republicans: 665
Number of Democrats: 1,446
Number of nonpartisans: 14
Number of independents: 4

Number of Progressives: 4

Number of Working Families Party: 1

Women of color: 540
First women elected: Clara Cressingham, Carrie C. Holly, and Frances Klock - 1894


infogram_0_8ab466b1-010d-4ce0-aab8-845eec8147afRep2020 Percentage of Women in State Legislatures, 1993-2015//

infogram_0_8d859155-74cb-482d-80bd-66be0bc8d0e5Rep2020: Women in State Legislatures, By Party//


 Data from the Center for American Women in Politics at Rutgers University

Women's Representation in Congress

Find out how voting reforms can impact federal elections

infogram_0_a8eb417c-ac8f-4b3d-ac79-e3f7d3dfcc81Rep2020: Percentage of Women in Congress, 1993-2015//

infogram_0_b7d9a013-add9-4366-bb35-43ad2af85449Rep2020 Historical Total of Female Representatives in Congress//

U.S. House of Representatives

Number of women serving: 102* out of 435
Percentage of women: 23.4%
Number of Republicans: 13
Number of Democrats: 89
Women of color: 43* (42D, 1R)
First woman elected: Jeannette Rankin (MT) in 1916 
*Does not include women delegates from the U.S. Territories
Fact sheet from the Center for American Women and Politics, Rutgers University

infogram_0_us_house_of_representativesRep2020 U.S. House of Representatives//

U.S. Senate

Number of women serving: 25 out of 100
Percentage of women serving: 25%
Number of Republicans: 8
Number of Democrats: 17
Women of color: 4 (4D, 0R)
Most represented states: AZ, CA, NH, NV, WA, MN
First woman elected: Hattie Caraway (AR) in 1932 

Fact sheet from the Center for American Women and Politics, Rutgers University

infogram_0_4865b94b-0eaa-499c-ae83-8472ccc64a2cRep2020 U.S. Senate//




Women's Representation in U.S. Territories

Five out of the six (83.3.%) non-voting representatives in the House of Representatives are women. By contrast, only 127 out of the 535 (23.7%) elected members of Congress from the fifty states are women. 

infogram_0_us_territories_vs_the_50_states_in_percentage_of_elected_delagates_that_are_womenUS Territories in Comparison to the 50 US States in Terms of Percentage of Female Elected Representatives//

District of ColumbiaArtboard_1DC.png


Mayor: Muriel Bowser (D) has served as mayor since 2015. Sharon Pratt Kelly served as mayor from 1991-1995. She was also the first African American woman to serve as mayor of a major American city

City Council: Four of the District's 13 city council members (31%) are women

Delegate to U.S. House: Eleanor Holmes Norton has served as the District's one non-voting representative in Congress since 1991


Puerto RicoArtboard_1PR.png


Governor: Síla Calderon served as the first and only woman governor from 2001-2005

Legislature: Fourteen of the 81 seats (17%) are held by women

Mayors: San Juan and Ponce, the largest and fourth largest cities respectively, both have female mayors. In total eight of the 78 mayor are women

Delegate to the U.S. House: Jenniffer González was elected Resident Commissioner in 2016 and is the first woman to hold the position




Governor:  Lourdes "Lou" Aflague Leon Guerrero, elected in 2018 is the first women governor of Guam

Legislature: Ten of the 15 seats (66%) are held by women. The Hon. Tina Muña Barnes serves as Speaker and Hon. Therese M. Terlaje currently serves as the vice-Speaker

Mayors: Dededo, Tamuning, and Barrigada, Guam's first, third, and fifth largest villages respectively, all have female mayors

Delegate to the U.S. House: Madeleine Bordallo (D) has served as Guam's first woman non-voting delegate since 2003


U.S. Virgin IslandsArtboard_1USVI.png


Governor: No woman has served as governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands

Legislature: Four of 15 seats (26.7%) are held by women

Delegate to the U.S. House: Stacey Plaskett (D) currently serves as the delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives, starting in 2015. Her predecessor, Donna Christian-Christensen, served from 1997-2015


Northern Mariana IslandsArtboard_1CNMI.png


Governor: No woman has served as governor of the Northern Mariana Islands

Legislature: Three of the 20 seats (15%) are held by women. This is the second-lowest percentage in the country.

Delegate to the U.S. House: No woman has served as the delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives


American SamoaArtboard_1AS.png


Governor: No woman has served as governor of American Samoa

Legislature: Two out of 39 seats (5.1%) are held by women. This is the lowest of any state or territory in the country

Delegate to the U.S. House: Amata Coleman Radewagen has served as American Samoa's first female non-voting delegate since 2015

Women's Representation Internationally

infogram_0_b82bcafc-b9c4-4f57-8d04-287a253554c8Women's Rep Map 2019

The United States ranks behind 80 countries for women's political representation, according to the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Visit their site to find the most up to date information on international women's representation. Click here to see a full list of how countries rank for women’s representation, what type of voting system is used, and whether or not they have a quota.

infogram_0_8deef975-06e3-4ade-9f1e-cefbce634d97International Women's Representation | Voting Systems | Quotas

Women in Executive and Legislative Office

infogram_0_7c2a275e-49ab-49c6-a604-bf401f641ab4Rep2020 International Executive Positions Held by Women//


Women's Representation in the Judiciary

Women attend law school at equal rates as men but are underrepresented as judges

  • 33% of Supreme Court Justices
  • 33% of Federal Judges (excluding the Supreme Court)
  • 33% of State Judges

Out of the 114 justices that have served on the Supreme Court, there have only been four women - three of whom are currently on the bench. Fifty nine of the 175 active judges currently sitting on the thirteen federal courts of appeal are female (33%).

These numbers are even worse for women of color

  • 11% of Supreme Court Justices
  • 5% of Federal Judges (excluding the Supreme Court)
  • 8% of State Judges

Women of color are less represented than any other demographic group, as their numbers (at the state level) represent a mere 40% of their relative numbers in the general population. Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor is the first and only woman of color to sit on the Supreme Court. 

Is representation improving?

When in office, President Obama facilitated significant progress for women judges and more than doubled the number of women of color to federal judicial positions. 42 percent of his confirmed nominees to federal courts were women. 

Unfortunately, this progress does not seem to be continuing under President Trump, who has appointed 84 active federal judges, with only 20 of them being women. 


Learn more about women in the judiciary

Sources: Federal Judicial Center Brennan Center for Justice, Center for American ProgressNational Women's Law Center, The Gavel Gap, Federal Judicial Center, National Association of Women Judges