|2018 Gender Parity Fact Sheet||Gender Parity Mythbusters|
Call the Capitol switchboard: 202-224-3121 to be connected to your congresspeople.
HELLO, my name is [name] and I’m a constituent from [city, state].
I am calling to urge [Representative/Senator name] to make women’s equal representation in government a reality by supporting reforms like the Fair Representation Act that would help more women and people of color be elected to office. Fair representation is critical for a strong democracy, because it helps ensure that every vote counts, all voices are heard, and everyone has an equal opportunity to serve in elected office.
I also want to urge [Representative/Senator name] to support recruitment targets for women candidates for the [Republican/Democratic] party. The U.S. lags behind 102 countries for women’s representation, because many countries have implemented clear goals and targets that allow women to be elected to office. By demonstrating commitment to women’s access to leadership, [Representative/Senator name] and the [Republican/Democratic] party can lead the way in advocating for a fairer democracy.
I am counting on [Representative/Senator name] to take action on this issue. After all, women are 51% of your constituency.
Thank you for your time.
Locate your representative's contact form on their .gov website and fill out the required sections.
Dear Representative [Name],
I am a constituent from [City, State] and I urge you to make women’s equal representation in government a reality by supporting the Fair Representation Act, HR 3057.
Our democracy is strongest when it is truly representative. Unfortunately, women are currently underrepresented at every level of the government, and the rate of increase in women’s representation has been stagnant since the 1990s. At the current rate of change, we won’t reach gender parity in elected office until 2121. That’s why I am asking you to support the Fair Representation Act, HR 3057, and to support establishing a Gender Parity Task Force in your state that will assess the status of women’s representation and determine targets for the recruitment of women candidates. By demonstrating commitment to women’s access to leadership, you and the [Republican/Democratic] party can lead the way in advocating for a fairer democracy.
[Optional: Personal story about how you have been affected by the lack of representation in government or how you have seen the lack of representation affecting others.]
I am counting on you to take action on this issue. After all, women are 51% of your constituency.
Find your local newspaper's guidelines for letters to the editor, then edit this template and submit accordingly.
TO THE EDITOR:
I’m a resident of [town, district, etc] writing because I want our local political parties to [set gender targets when recruiting candidates for local elections OR introduce a local version of the Fair Representation Act OR vocally support ranked-choice voting etc].
I believe we can create a stronger democracy -- and that starts with the voices of women being heard. After all, x statistic [such as despite women making up more than half of the population, men make up 80 percent of Congress OR the way gender equality is going, we won’t achieve it in any of our lifetimes, etc]. Right now, women across the political spectrum are being left out of the system. With problems like [x issue, x issue, and x issue] plaguing our country, it’s time for some fresh faces in office.
Mechanisms like [refer back to specific ask at top of letter] offer promising answers to repairing our broken democracy. I urge all readers to take action by x [such as directing them to website where local petition is housed]. It’s time for name of state to act as a role model for the country by uplifting women’s voices across the state.
[Your Name, Name of Town
Your Phone Number or Email Address]
TO THE EDITOR:
I’m a resident of [town, district, etc] writing because I want our local political parties to [set gender targets when recruiting candidates for local elections OR introduce a local version of the Fair Representation Act OR vocally support ranked-choice voting].
People like me from [town] normally care about things like [x local issue, x local issue, and x local issue] -- but with hyper-partisanship and gridlock at an all time high, it’s no mystery why many Americans say the most important problem facing the country is our government.
I believe we can create a stronger democracy -- and that starts with the voices of women being heard. After all, a truly representative democracy requires, well, representation. It will only serve to benefit us all, because when women are elected to office, they are more likely to collaborate across the aisle to get things done. Right now, women across the political spectrum are being left out of the system. It’s time to change that.
Before the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA), fair access to jobs, transportation, schools, and churches was exclusive to able-bodied citizens. Instead of accepting that individuals with disabilities should work around the prejudiced system or be left out of it altogether, disability rights activists fought hard for legislative reform and changed the system itself with the ADA. Changing the rules to help people gain equality is nothing new.
Today, Republican, Democratic, and third party women are being left out of politics -- not for a lack of skill or desire to be involved, but because our system isn’t being held accountable for its continued discrimination against them.
Mechanisms like [refer back to specific ask at top of letter] offer promising answers to repairing our broken democracy. I urge all readers to x [such as directing them to sign the petition supporting it at website where local petition is housed]. It’s time for name of state to act as a role model for the country, and strengthen our representative democracy by uplifting women’s voices across the state.
[Your Name, Name of Town
Your Phone Number or Email Address]
Our country was founded on the idea of representative democracy--a government of the people, by the people, for the people. Of the people, meaning a government constituted by everyday, citizens that reflect the typical makeup of the represented; by the people, meaning citizens choose who represents their interests; for the people, meaning legislation is passed and enacted for the benefit of citizens.
Of the people, yet, the United States is roughly 50 percent women, but Congress is only 19.4 percent women.
By the people, yet, primary winners almost never win a majority of votes.
For the people, yet, women make up over half of our population, pay taxes, and are immediately impacted by the policy decisions of an 80.6 percent male representative body.
RepresentWomen compiled the voting systems and percentage of legislative seats occupied by women for every country, and the US falls in 103rd place of 190. Meanwhile, some countries like Argentina and Bolivia are at almost 50 percent women in both houses of their legislatures.
This disparity is rather shocking, considering that the United States ranks 10th on the United Nations’ Gender Development Index, an indicator of women’s wellbeing. We were also the 9th nation to grant women’s suffrage and rank 49th out of 144 countries in the Global Gender Gap Index (Bolivia and Argentina are 17 and 34, respectively).
Why is it that the United States, our country, the nation we put upon a pedestal as the beacon of democracy, is lagging behind other nations in being a truly representative democracy? There are a few causes just due to how our elections happen.
One huge impediment: getting on the ballot. According to a study by American University’s Women & Politics Institute, “women are less likely than men to receive the suggestion to run for office,” “women are still responsible for the majority of childcare and household tasks,” and “women are substantially more likely than men to perceive the electoral environment as highly competitive and biased against female candidates,” among other issues. These indicate that women do not want to run in the first place, simply because they feel that they are not competent enough to run for office and do not have the support they need to run and win. Moreover, as was seen with Hillary Clinton and Sarah Palin, there is a gender bias in how candidates for public office are treated. Women are far more likely to be criticized for their appearance, their emotions, their person than their male counterparts are. The campaign trail is a more hostile environment for women that it is for men, leading to less women wanting to run.
Even if women manage to get on the ballot, there are other hurdles to get over. The incumbent advantage virtually guarantees re-election. In 2016, more than 98 percent of House members and 93 percent of Senators won re-election. This same year, the incumbency advantage rate for the House was 3.2 percent, meaning that, on average, incumbents earned about 3 points more than their counties’ partisanship predicts they should have. With Congress being over 80 percent men, the chances of women being elected and offsetting the gender disparity are very slim.
Changing the system to level the playing field is the next logical step for the advancement of women’s rights. Women need to feel empowered to run for office, through candidate training programs, assistance with childcare, and community support. This can look like nonprofits or county parties offering candidate trainings specifically for women to friends, neighbors, and supporters offering to cook dinner for her family night to incumbents encouraging women in their lives to run.
[Pick a paragraph based on your focus/interests]
[Recruitment targets and their effectiveness] More systemically, gender recruitment targets have been effective in other nations to close the gender gap in public office. In the private sector, 46 percent of businesses “have established recruitment targets” and 87 percent of CEOs are “focused on talent diversity and inclusiveness.” In the public sector, these recruitment targets can take the form of parties being required or actively trying to recruit and nominate a certain number of women or by constitutional requirements of sitting members of the legislature. According to new data we have collected at RepresentWomen, among countries ranking above the United States in women’s representation, almost 83 percent of countries have gender recruitment targets of some sort in their lower or unicameral houses, while 54 percent of countries have them in their upper houses. By parties mandating (or being mandated by legislation) to recruit a specific percentage of women, other nations have been able to get significantly more women elected to office than the United States has.
[Accessibility for women when running/once elected] More systemically, support through work-family policies would allow women more time and resources to run for office and be better able to would be better able to serve the public, since many women are left responsible for childcare. By allowing women to spend campaign money on childcare, they would be better equipped to give their campaigns the attention they deserve and be more willing to run without sacrificing their home lives. Moreover, women would be more willing to run knowing these policies are in place.
[Electoral reforms] More systemically, changing our electoral system could empower outsiders from the political system to run for office. Our current winner-take-all system advantages incumbents, which are mostly white men. One reform that could help introduce more women and people of color to the system would be adoption of ranked-choice voting (RCV). In RCV, voters rank candidates (typically their top three, but can be all candidates) in order of preference. If no candidate receives a majority (50+1) of first-preference votes, then the candidate recieving the least amount of first-preference votes is eliminated. Then, second-preference votes are added into the totals, and so on until someone gets a majority of the votes. A study by the organization FairVote shows how RCV is associated with electing more women and people of color, specifically women of color. Thus, more women would be able to break through initial barriers to getting elected through RCV and other electoral reforms.
Having fair representation -- of race, gender, sexuality, and socioeconomic representation -- in government is key to a thriving, functional, representative democracy. The United States needs to intentionally include women, or else it will take over a century to close the gender gap.
OpaVote is a simple online tool for polls and elections using ranked choice voting (RCV). RCV is a voting system known to increase the election of women and people of color to office. RepresentWomen encourages organizations, student groups, and communities to use RCV in elections and polls -- and OpaVote is an easy tool with which to do so.
OpaVote users can choose to run single-winner or multiple-winner RCV elections. Try out this OpaVote widget to rank your favorite ice cream flavors and learn more about how RCV works.