The number of women serving in the House of Representatives has increased just nine percent in the last 25 years. Similarly, women’s representation in the Senate has increased by 13 percent. A deeper look reveals stark differences in the rate at which different political parties and regions of the country elect women. Women’s representation in state legislatures has grown by only 4% over that same time period and the proportion of mayors and city council members who are women remains under 20 percent.
Research confirms that structural reforms - which complement current strategies - are one of the main reasons that nearly 100 nations are electing more women than the U.S.
Title IX leveled the playing field for girls and women in education and athletics while the Voting Rights Act addressed systems that disadvantaged people of color. Although we may not realize it, within the Republican and Democratic parties, gender quotas have become commonplace in a myriad of ways. For example, gender quotas are almost always used in selecting each party’s convention delegates. This is just one example of how we must address inequality by changing rules and laws in order to have a more representative system.