As Pride Month continues, RepresentWomen celebrates by exploring the intersection of gender and identity in politics and society. This week's Weekend Reading covers tragic losses, new research, and wins for women. These stories remind us of how we've progressed regarding gender equality and our room for improvement.
Black Feminist and Queer Activist Anita Cornwell Has Passed Away at 99
This past Monday, Anita Cornwell, a revolutionary Black lesbian feminist writer, passed away at 99. She was the first Black woman to identify as a lesbian in print publicly. In 1983, she published the groundbreaking essay collection "Black Lesbian in White America." Cornwell will be remembered for her radical openers on her identity as an unmarried lesbian. She spurred conversation on gender and sexuality because of it. Her work has been crucial to advancing the racial and queer liberation movements. You can view her books here.
Ms. Cornwell was the first Black woman writer to publicly identify as a lesbian in print, Jones said, contributing to The Ladder, a lesbian publication, and Negro Digest in the 1950s and later publishing her groundbreaking essay collection, Black Lesbian in White America, in 1983. In those days, when people could be fired for the suspicion they were gay, choosing to write about her lesbian identity as an unmarried, Black, working-class woman, was nothing short of radical.
“We tend to underestimate how brave and daring and audacious it was to be out unapologetically as a lesbian in the 1970s, in the 1980s,” said Julie R. Enszer, editor of Sinister Wisdom, a lesbian literary and arts journal that is republishing Ms. Cornwell’s work. “To put your face on the cover of a book that says ‘lesbian’ was extraordinarily courageous and meaningful to so many people.”
Ms. Cornwell died May 27, at Wesley Enhanced Living Center at Stapeley in Germantown, “surrounded by the compassionate women who cared for her,” Jones said.
Broken Records Don't Always Equal Broken Barriers
The representation of women has increased significantly over the last several decades -- including breakout wins in NYC in 2021 -- but progress toward gender balance is frustratingly slow and uneven as our 2022 Gender Parity Index illustrates - most states get a D for women in office.
The 19th's article on AAPI women's representation in the judiciary serves as a powerful reminder of the continued under-representation of women in key offices
To date, 29 total women have been nominated and confirmed to sit on Article III courts. In his first two years, President Joe Biden appointed 12 Asian-American women, two more than the 10 appointed by President Barack Obama in eight years and more than double the number appointed during President Donald Trump’s four years in office...
Historically Asian-American women have faced a variety of challenges that can affect their advancement in the legal profession and ability to receive a federal judicial appointment. These challenges can come from cultural and gender expectations as well as institutional barriers, said Democratic Sen. Mazie Hirono of Hawaii, who is the first Asian-American woman senator and currently sits on the Senate Judiciary Committee...
“We need to get a lot more people in the pipeline everywhere at our law firms, and the judiciary, and once you decide, and so it becomes intentional,” Hirono said. “Diversity doesn't happen because it sounds like a good thing or a good idea. You have to be intentional about it.”
Disability Victory Has Launched
Our terrific ally Sarah Blahovec and her team recently launched Disability Victory, a first-of-its-kind organization dedicated to building the political power of disabled progressives! Disability Victory will provide essential training and leadership development, as highlighted in their announcement:
Co-founded by Neal Carter, a disabled political strategist and owner of Nu View Consulting, and Sarah Blahovec, a disabled civic engagement expert, Disability Victory will build a talent pipeline of disabled leaders while addressing the systemic and intersectional challenges disabled people face in politics.
Disabled people are underrepresented at all levels of government. Over 60 million Americans have a physical, mental, or health-related disability, yet disabled leaders hold just 10 percent of elected positions. Disability Victory will elect to effect policy change and improve conditions for disabled people, their communities, and all Americans...
“Congresswoman Ayanna Pressley always says the people closest to the pain should be the closest to the power,” said Sarah Blahovec. “Neal and I saw first-hand that disabled people want to impact their communities but haven’t had an adequate support system until now. We need more representation at every level of office, and Disability Victory is ready to empower and multiply our power.”
Mexico State Gets its First Woman Governor
Morena, the party formed by Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, seized power for the first time in 94 years from Mexico's Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, in the state of Mexico, the most populous of the country's 32 states.
Morena candidate Delfina Gómez became the first woman elected governor of the state when she defeated Alejandra del Moral. Her victory ratified the dominance of the party formed by AMLO, as López Obrador is known, which already has wins in 23 other Mexican states.
“One hundred years of corruption have been long, but times change and the people united and won. The end of those 100 years of darkness and mistreatment has come, a new story begins in the state of Mexico,” Gómez said in a speech Sunday night.
New Research Analyzes Gendered Media Framing On Male And Female Candidates
An article from PsyPost features new research published in Political Research Quarterly. The study discusses the impact of implicit gender framing on male and female political candidates, revealing that female candidates are often discussed using gendered terms. This can reinforce stereotypes and contribute to the belief that women are less qualified for political positions. Media portrayal is yet another barrier women face while running for office. Implicit biases in the media can discourage women from running for office.
Learn more about barriers and solutions to running for office on our website.
Their findings revealed that women receive more coverage related to their political experience and professional qualifications (or lack thereof) than men in mixed-gender races. However, female candidates received more coverage on “feminine” qualifications, such as family and children, compared to male candidates, indicating the use of explicit gender frames.
All-female races received the highest probability of coverage on feminine qualifications relative to other race types, suggesting that explicit gender frames were more prevalent in races featuring two women candidates. In all-male races, men receive more coverage of their political experience than women do in all-female races.
The authors found that implicit gender frames are more prevalent than explicit gender frames in news coverage of candidate qualifications. Implicit gender frames are used more frequently when discussing female candidates than male candidates. For example, female candidates are more likely to be described as “emotional” or “compassionate,” while male candidates are more likely to be described as “strong” or “confident.”
Denver mayoral candidate Kelly Brough lost her bid to become the city's first woman mayor this week to former Colorado state senator Mike Johnston. The two-round system in which multiple women competed in the first round, which may have split the women's vote, is another reminder of the need for ranked choice voting for all municipal elections.
It has been a smokey week in Washington, DC -- and across large swaths of North America -- due to the devastating wildfires in Canada, but the flowers in my garden are in full bloom, and the berry harvest has begun -- a powerful reminder of the challenges and beauty that surround us.
It would be very helpful if you could fill out this survey on the Weekend Reading on Women's Representation to help us know if we are covering the content that interests you!
That's all for this week, enjoy your weekend!
Cynthia Richie Terrell
P.S. There was a thoughtful column by Mattie Kahn in The Washington Post this week about the myth of 'fearless girls' that resonated with me as a former student activist, a mother of three, and a non-profit leader working to build women's political power so that we all have less to fear.
"Girls aren’t fearless. Girls are terrified. And their activism isn’t naive. It’s not “innocent.” It’s the reasoned result of the stomach-churning awareness that girls can’t count on someone else to save them. This was true when students risked their lives for civil rights. It was true when Rabin begged the leader of the free world to renounce nuclear weapons. It is true now, as middle- and high-schoolers call for stricter gun laws and ask for legislative change — not awed tweets.
Of course, it’s not just girls whose fear spurs them to action. Young male activists have no less reason to feel distress over intertwined global crises. And nonbinary organizers have been on the forefront of critical social movements. But the undaunted girl — chin up, hands on hips — remains a quite literal and ill-advised avatar for progress.
In 2017, a Boston-based investment firm immortalized this version of our fantasies by sponsoring the “Fearless Girl” statue. It was first installed opposite the “Charging Bull” on Wall Street (and is now located across from the New York Stock Exchange), a faceoff not dissimilar from those we read about in the news: entrenched, hulking power vs. girl with an ideal.
The sculpture stands about 4 feet tall. Her skirt seems to swish, but she’s cast in bronze. Perhaps that’s how we like to think of our girl activists — as bulletproof. In fact, girls are vulnerable, under persistent threat from structural sexism and gender-based violence.
“Fearless” is a well-intentioned descriptor. But we haven’t really created a generation of unflinching girls. With our broken world, we’ve scared them into action."