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Pages tagged "Topic: Proportional Representation"

Map: Multi-Member Districts and Ranked Choice Voting in the States

infogram_0_724e9818-19c2-4e98-adf9-4dcffc464cea2022 State-Level MMDs and RCV Map


This map shows whether states have single-member plurality districts, two-member districts, or 3+ member districts (multi-member). The map also shows the two states that use ranked choice voting (Alaska and Maine). District magnitude matters because this determines how many subgroups can be represented. If there are more seats available, more groups obtain representation. 

Slidedeck: Fair Representation Act

This slideshow provides an overview of how the Fair Representation Act would help improve representation for women. Last updated in 2021.


Dashboard: 2021 Fair Representation Act Projections

infogram_0_bd82aeca-ccaa-4215-bddf-3b9d972a8d382021 FRA - 9.21 FRA Maps - Stacked


This map has two tabs: women's representation in the 117th Congress, and potential women's representation in Congress if the Fair Representation Act was passed. The Fair Representation Act would:

  1. Create multi-member districts,
  2. Implement ranked choice voting for all U.S. House elections, and 
  3. Establish an independent redistricting commission.

All of these reforms would contribute to making elections more competitive and achieving more representative outcomes for all. 

Factsheet: Women's Representation Under the Fair Representation Act

infogram_0_7acbac9c-2fe8-414a-baea-ff5330a5987b2021 RCV - FRA Handout

Slidedeck: Systems-Based Strategies from Around the World

Our research shows that while there are record numbers of women running for and serving in government, there is much to be done to ensure more women can run, win, serve, and lead in office in the United States and around the globe. 

As it stands, the United States ranks 72nd (as of October 2022) according to the IPU’s monthly rankings of women serving in national parliaments. Not only is there much to be learned from the systems in place which allow more opportunities for women in office, there is also room to work with organizations, advocating for systems-based reforms. RepresentWomen studies best practices that have been proven to advance women’s representation and leadership around the world, and then advocates for use of those best practices in the United States.

Why should we care about system-based strategies that have worked to increase the number of women in government in other countries? Research in other countries shows that having more women in government has resulted in an increase of laws to protect victims of sexual harassment, rape, and domestic violence. Specific cases in countries like India and Norway also show that women politicians are more likely to address issues such as food security, childcare, and healthcare. This means that work done abroad has not only been successful in bringing more women to the table, but it has also produced policies that benefit entire communities. By observing and adopting some of the best practices that have worked internationally, the U.S. could enjoy similar, positive outcomes for women’s representation.

Are you interested in sharing this important information with your community? This shareable slidedeck is ready-made for your use.


infogram_0_4c9e699e-985b-4f0b-a02c-5dbf7a7061ec2021 International - Int'l Take Action Slide Deck

Report: Achieving Gender Parity - Systems Strategies Around the World

In many countries around the world, women are entering political office at higher rates than in the United States. As of January 2022, the U.S. was tied with Egypt and the Philippines in 72nd place for the number of women (120 of 433, or 28%) in the lower legislature, the U.S. House of Representatives. Twenty years ago, there were half as many women in the U.S. House, and the country ranked 59th for women's representation.

In 2020, RepresentWomen released a report analyzing the impact electoral rules and systems have on women's representation. We found that countries with proportional systems and gender quotas were more likely to have women present in their national legislature. Our report, "Achieving Gender Parity: Systems Strategies Around the World," also introduces new research on women heads of state and government, women in executive cabinets around the world, the use of ranked-choice voting internationally, and the role women's representation has on democratic rankings. 


Report: International Women's Representation

Progress toward gender parity in elected office in the United States has been slow, especially in comparison to other nations. Most countries that rank above the United States for women's political representation have adopted recruitment rules and voting systems that level the playing field for women candidates. When examining these other countries, it is clear that reaching gender parity in elected and appointed office requires intentional action and policy reform. 

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Report: Why Rules and Systems Matter Lessons from Around the World

Women won a record number of races in the November 2018 midterm elections and now hold 102 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union, which tracks women's representation in national legislatures, the U.S. now ranks 77th in the world for women in politics; in 1998, the U.S. ranked 60th. The U.S. ranks further behind the rest of the world than it did 20 years ago - even with significant gains for women - because other nations have adopted recruitment practices and voting systems that create more opportunities for women to run, win, serve, and lead. 

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Brief: Gender Quota Reform - a Situation Analysis of Latin America and the European Union

This report covers a progression of gender quota reforms in Latin America and the EU member countries, which were at the forefront of adopting gender quota reforms through legislated quotas and voluntary party quotas that increased the proportion of women parliamentarians. The case of the European Union (EU) provides an opportunity to see an institutional approach to gender equality, whereas the Latin American countries illustrate the region's overall commitment to gender equality and women's political representation. This report includes the best practices and challenges faced by countries from both regions but focuses on the role of quotas as enforcement mechanisms for women's political representation. 

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