Pages tagged "Topic: Gender Quotas and Recruitment Targets"
RepresentWomen's mission is to reform the institutions and structures that hold women back from running for office rather than forcing women to change. Increasing the recruitment, training, and funding of women candidates will be more effective in getting women elected at every level of government. It's time we dismantle these barriers for women who want to run for office.
In many countries around the world, women are entering political office at higher rates than in the United States. As of January 2022, the U.S. was tied with Egypt and the Philippines in 72nd place for the number of women (120 of 433, or 28%) in the lower legislature, the U.S. House of Representatives. Twenty years ago, there were half as many women in the U.S. House, and the country ranked 59th for women's representation.
In 2020, RepresentWomen released a report analyzing the impact electoral rules and systems have on women's representation. We found that countries with proportional systems and gender quotas were more likely to have women present in their national legislature. Our report, "Achieving Gender Parity: Systems Strategies Around the World," also introduces new research on women heads of state and government, women in executive cabinets around the world, the use of ranked-choice voting internationally, and the role women's representation has on democratic rankings.
Since women earned the right to vote 100 years ago, political parties have been looking for ways to engage women in the political process. Both the Democratic and Republican national parties have enacted gender balance rules to attempt to achieve gender parity amongst their state delegates to national conventions. Following these national policies, some state parties have established guidelines for choosing who to send to their state conventions, requiring gender balance at local levels. The team at RepresentWomen has worked with the pro-bono team at Hogan Lovells to research each state party’s rules. The visuals are based on that research. This brief explores the history and the constitutionality of these rules.
Progress toward gender parity in elected office in the United States has been slow, especially in comparison to other nations. Most countries that rank above the United States for women's political representation have adopted recruitment rules and voting systems that level the playing field for women candidates. When examining these other countries, it is clear that reaching gender parity in elected and appointed office requires intentional action and policy reform.
The 'Group of Twenty' (G20) Summit is an annual international forum for the governments and central bankers of the Group of Seven (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States) plus Argentina, Australia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, and the European Union. These economies represent the greatest percentage of the Gross World Product, world trade, the global population, and world land area.
For the G20 Osaka Summit, RepresentWomen prepared a series of infographics that illustrate how well women are politically represented in each.
Women won a record number of races in the November 2018 midterm elections and now hold 102 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union, which tracks women's representation in national legislatures, the U.S. now ranks 77th in the world for women in politics; in 1998, the U.S. ranked 60th. The U.S. ranks further behind the rest of the world than it did 20 years ago - even with significant gains for women - because other nations have adopted recruitment practices and voting systems that create more opportunities for women to run, win, serve, and lead.
This report covers a progression of gender quota reforms in Latin America and the EU member countries, which were at the forefront of adopting gender quota reforms through legislated quotas and voluntary party quotas that increased the proportion of women parliamentarians. The case of the European Union (EU) provides an opportunity to see an institutional approach to gender equality, whereas the Latin American countries illustrate the region's overall commitment to gender equality and women's political representation. This report includes the best practices and challenges faced by countries from both regions but focuses on the role of quotas as enforcement mechanisms for women's political representation.
Despite having one of the highest Human Development Indices among Latin American countries, Chile has one of the lowest percentages of women's representation in national government and it is one of the last countries to enact a gender quota law in the region. After the adoption of the gender quota law in 2015, social scientists and experts started to analyze the effectiveness of the law in increasing the number of women in politics. According to the new law, 40% of candidates on party ballots are required to be women and there must be enforcement mechanisms for the quota, such as economic incentives and retributions, to ensure an effective process of increasing women's political representation.
This report analyzes the gender quota law in Chile, including its adoption process, the role of the main actors, and the enforcement process. It equally analyzes the strengths of the gender quota law in Chile and the challenges faced by Chilean society in the implementation process.