Our Research: RCV Dashboard 2022

Posted on Ranked Choice Voting on February 11, 2022

A plain text version of this page is available here 

infogram_0_f45a9b75-7958-4bcd-b51b-adb30abd22e4RCV Dashboard


RepresentWomen's mission is to bridge the gap between the women's representation and election reform movements by providing resources that outline the role of systems strategies in advancing women's representation and leadership in the United States. If you have a question about ranked choice voting or would like to request our team to prepare educational tools tailored to your needs as an activist in either space, reach out to us through the contact us page on our website or email [email protected]

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Research Associate

Posted on Staff on December 08, 2021

Grace Beyer is passionate about sustaining democracy, combating climate change, and fighting for women’s rights. After earning her Masters's in Public Administration at George Washington University, she devoted her time to developing expertise on state election policies. In fall 2021, Grace joined the RepresentWomen team as a research associate. As an RA, Grace has been helping the RepresentWomen team by conducting research on the effects of systems on women’s representation in government.

Contact: [email protected]

Our Research: RCV By the Numbers 2021

Posted on Ranked Choice Voting on December 03, 2021

A plain text version of this page is available here

Meet the 2021 Ranked Choice Voting Electeds

As of November 2021, 28 cities have used ranked choice voting to elect their sitting mayors, and 33 cities have used ranked choice voting to elect representatives to their city councils. In 2021 alone, women composed only 34% of all candidates in municipal ranked choice elections yet won 47% of the seats available.

New York City Results 

Who are the Mayors of Ranked Choice Cities? (43% Women)

Twenty-eight cities have used ranked choice voting to elect their current mayors. Women hold 12 of these 28 RCV-elected mayoral seats (43%), including Mayors Libby Schaaf (Oakland, CA), London Breed (San Francisco, CA), Pauline Russo-Cutter (San Leandro, CA), DeLanie Young (Telluride, CO), Kate Stewart (Takoma Park, MD), and Kate Snyder (Portland, ME). In 2021, four of those women were re-elected into their seat and two women were elected into office for the first time. 

infogram_0_30f82ba8-a2a5-4ac6-a462-d55646be56abRCV Mayors - Gender and Race

Below is an interactive display showcasing the women mayors elected using RCV. Click on any pointer on the map to learn more about the woman mayor, the city she presides over, and when she was first elected. Underneath the map are the faces of all the women mayors, their names, and their respective cities.  

infogram_0_2d64cde9-2e81-4b2e-b8d0-55a86be17e03Women Mayors of RCV

Who are the City Councilors in Ranked Choice Cities? (51% Women)

Thirty-three cities have used ranked choice voting to elect their city councilmembers. Over half (51%) of these representatives are women, and nearly a quarter (23%) are women of color. Fifteen cities that use ranked choice voting to elect their city councilors have either achieved or surpassed gender parity. These cities include: New York City, NY; Vineyard, UT; Berkeley, CA; St. Paul, MN; Santa Fe, NM; Takoma Park, MD; St. Louis Park, MN; Las Cruces, NM and Oakland, CA. 

infogram_0_f28745f1-eeeb-492c-a145-d3b0769124b9RCV City Councils 2021 With Chart

Want to learn more about some of the jurisdictions that use ranked choice voting?

Click the button below to learn about the racial demographics, population size, the first women elected with ranked choice voting in that jurisdiction and more. 

The Jurisdictions That Use RCV 


The number of jurisdictions using ranked choice voting in the United States is growing. Two states, Maine and Alaska use ranked choice voting in statewide elections. More than 50 jurisdictions are projected to use ranked choice voting in their next election. Check in with FairVote to learn more about where ranked choice voting is used in the United States.

Learn Where Ranked Choice Voting Is Used 


Our Research: RCV Reports & Data

Posted on Ranked Choice Voting on December 03, 2021

A plain text version of this page is available here

Ranked Choice Voting Dashboard

Released: January 2022

In 2022, we released a new interactive dashboard to present the latest data on women's representation in ranked choice cities. In addition to providing summary data on where ranked choice voting (RCV) is used and its impact on local representation, the RCV Dashboard includes updated case studies on the impact of ranked voting on women's representation in Cambridge, New York City, the Bay Area, and Utah. 

See Our Dashboard

New York City Research Portal

Updated: November 2021

In July 2021, we released our preliminary findings on the impact of ranked choice voting on women's representation in New York City, where RCV was used for the first time since the late 1940s to nominate candidates for mayor, public advocate, comptroller, the five borough presidents, and the city council. In November, our team revisited this research and produced a series of digital resources mapping out the history of women's representation on the New York City council, the re-introduction of RCV, and the impact RCV had on women candidates. 

Go To Our New York City Page

Election Reform & Women's Representation: Ranked Choice Voting in the U.S.

Released: June 2021

In 2021, we published an article in Politics and Governance on the history and impact of single- and multi-winner ranked choice voting on women’s representation in the U.S. In addition to revisiting some of the research from our 2016 and 2020 reports, this article allowed us to dig deeper into the available literature on ranked choice voting and identify knowledge gaps that should be addressed in future research. 

Read Our 2021 Article

In Ranked Choice Elections, Women WIN

Released: July 2020

Our 2020 ranked choice voting report, "In Ranked Choice Elections, Women WIN" provides a thorough review of ranked choice voting in the United States and how it is impacting women's representation in the cities that have implemented it. From 2010-2019, 19 cities and counties used ranked choice voting to elect their city officials, including 13 mayors and the city councilmembers in 14 jurisdictions. In that decade, women won 48% of all municipal elections.

Read Our 2020 Report

The Importance of Ranked Choice Voting on Representation

Released: August 2016

In 2016, RepresentWomen (then known as Representation 2020) studied the impact of single-winner ranked choice voting in the California Bay Area (Berkeley, Oakland, San Francsico, and San Leandro), a "hotbed of RCV implementation," where over 100 ranked choice elections had taken place between 2004 and 2014 to decide local leadership in 53 offices. The study found that more women (42%) and people of color (60%) ran in and won these elections since ranked choice voting was introduced. By the start of 2016, women held 59% and people of color held 60% of these offices.

Read Our 2016 Report

Global Practices & System Strategies

Posted on By The Numbers - Global on October 29, 2021

Starting in 2020, the RepresentWomen team has been drafting in-depth research on the status of women's representation in different parts of the world. In October 2021, the team released the first installment of this ongoing series, the Post-Soviet Brief. The second brief in this series, the Arab State Brief, was released December 2021. The latest edition to this series, the Latin America Brief, was launched in April 2022. Stay tuned for more releases in this series through 2022 and 2023. To learn more about our international research, please read our 2020 report, "Achieving Gender Parity: Systems Strategies Around the World." 

Other International Projects 

Latin America Brief

Shared April 2022

RepresentWomen's Latin America Brief reviews the history and impact of gender quotas and other systems-based reforms in Latin American countries. While many of the highest-ranking countries in the world for gender parity in parliament are based in Latin America, our research shows that each country's individual rate of success varies according to the design of these systems.

Download Brief 

Arab State Brief

Shared December 2021

RepresentWomen's Arab State Brief reviews the extent to which women are represented in Arab countries, the history of Arab independence and revolutions - and their impact on women's rights and representation; and country-specific information that covers the history of systems reforms and their impact on women's political rights and representation in the region.

Download Brief 

Post-Soviet Brief

Shared October 2021

RepresentWomen's Post-Soviet Brief covers how well women are represented in the executive, legislative, and judicial branches in 15 post-Soviet countries; the role of institutions, rules, and election systems in shaping outcomes for women in each country; and country-specific information that covers the role grassroots women's movements and civil society organizations in advancing the rights of women and girls in the region.

Download Brief 

Disabled Women

Posted on Intersectionality on August 11, 2021

A thriving democracy is within our reach, but our rules and systems must change to acknowledge the unique barriers that women with intersecting identities experience in the United States. Our nation’s rich diversity will be reflected in our government when all women have practical and fair opportunities to participate in American politics.

Our 2021 report, Intersectional Disempowerment: Exploring Barriers for Disabled Female Political Candidates in the United States presents an introduction to the topic of Disabled women's political participation in America, the barriers they face as candidates, and how well-designed structural reforms can help to make the political process more accessible for all.

PDF Download Interactive Copy Plain Text Format Lead Author Contact Us 

For additional accessible formats (e.g. large print, braille), please contact us by email at [email protected]

Want to help more women run, win, serve, and lead? Take Action 

Meet the Team: Courtney Lamendola

Posted on Blog on October 01, 2018

When I signed up for “Theories of International Relations” last year, I never expected to learn as much about feminism as I did. And yet, while sitting in my first class, I was introduced to the works of J. Ann Tickner – a feminist IR theorist who argues that omitting women from political theory leads to women being omitted from political practice. Through that class, I learned that there are structural causes for the underrepresentation of women in politics, and that this is evident not only in the makeup of our leaders, but also in how our future leaders are being taught.

Understanding New Research on Gender and Corruption in Government

Posted on Blog by , , on June 21, 2018

An April 2018 study titled “Women and corruption: What positions must they hold to make a difference?” found that corruption is lower in countries with more women in office at both the national and local level. The authors suggest that this is because women legislators often champion policies that address poverty, education, and healthcare at a greater rate than men, and have been found to be “more concerned about whether subsidies were provided to the targeted group without corruption.”

An Analysis of Merit Selection on State Courts

Posted on Blog on January 10, 2018

There are six different ways in which judges get seats on state courts: merit selection, gubernatorial appointment, partisan election, nonpartisan election, legislative appointment, and court appointment.

The Status of Women's Representation on the NYC Council

Posted on Blog on October 25, 2017

Women make up a majority of the population in New York City. In 2001,18 women served on the New York City Council but in 2017 only 13 women serve on the 51-seat City Council, and that number is projected to shrink in 2018. Out of the 13 current city councilwomen, four were ineligible to run again due to term limits, while one decided not to run for re-election. All five of these women are of color. At best, 12 women will be serving in the 2018 New York City Council. There were no primary challengers for the single Republican incumbent up for re-election. Though 113 Democrats ran for contested seats, only 38 were women. A third of Democratic primaries didn’t even have a woman on the ballot. No women are running to replace Council Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito, meaning that New York City will be bereft of a female speaker for the first time since 2005.