One major distinction is the quota system mandated under Nepal’s new constitution, which guarantees 40 percent women female representation across all levels of government. Compare that to the United States, where, without mandated quotas, women comprise roughly 20 percent of Congress and 25 percent of statewide offices, with 22 states having never elected a female governor.
And while winner-take-all systems continue to dominate U.S. elections, making it harder for women and minorities to win office according to FairVote research, Nepal’s election features a two-step process that combines direct election and proportional representation.
The Nepali women, speaking through an interpreter, credited their country’s constitutional overhaul for their victories in the country’s 2017 local and federal elections - the first since the 2015 constitutional overhaul. Many also spoke to the continued struggles of gender equality in politics and in social culture as a whole, however.
They nodded emphatically, chorusing “same” as RepresentWomen’s Deputy Director Antoinette ‘Toni’ Gingerelli named challenges that hinder U.S women from succeeding as candidates and political leaders: underlying cultural gender bias, lack of funding, plurality voting and gerrymandering among them.
Yet just as women elected to federal, state and local positions in the U.S. have worked across party lines to champion policy change, so too have the Nepali women found their gender a unifying force despite the political, geographic, ethnic and caste system divisions.
Gingerelli hailed the discussion a success and a “true example of cross-cultural dialogue and how conversations can be beneficial for both parties. We have a lot to learn from each other.”